TERM/WEEK: THIRD TERM/WEEK 3
DATE: 12th July, 2020
CLASS: Grade 5
TOPIC : Noun Phrases and Noun Clauses
Reference: Nigerian Primary English Book 6.
Notes for the Pupils
A phrase is a group of words that do not contain a subject and a verb.
A clause is a group of words that consist of a subject and a verb. A clause can stand on its own an make a meaning.
Clauses and phrases are parts of a sentence and may both exist within a sentence. Example: He is sleeping on the bed.
The first part of the sentence “He is sleeping” is a clause because it has a subject He and a verb sleeping while the second part is a phrase because it lacks both subject and verb.
This is a noun or any words in the sentence that modifies it; words that can modify nouns include articles (a, an, the), adjectives, participles, and passive pronouns. A noun phrase can be a single word.
Noun phrases can function in several different ways in a sentence. Some of the most common functions of noun phrases are:
- A noun phrase can be a subject.
- A noun phrase can be a direct object
- A noun phrase can be object of a preposition.
- A noun phrase can be an indirect object.
Examples of noun phrases
- As subject
- The yellow house is blue.
- The glistering snow covered the field
- As direct object
- I want a skate board
- Should we buy the yellow house?
- As object of preposition
- Jake rode on a skate board
- Lisa lives in the yellow house
- As indirect object
- Jane gave the little boy a candy.
The noun clause is a clause that functions like noun in the sentence. A noun clause has a subject and a verb. A noun clause is dependent or subordinate clause that works as a noun. It can be the subject of a sentence, an object or a complement.
Examples of noun clauses
- I remember what you said yesterday
- I know where the treasure is
- Whatever you wish is my command.
- What Billy did shocked his friends.
- What is a phrase?
- What is a noun clause?