7th August 2020



DATE: 12th July, 2020


SUBJECT: Grammar

TOPIC: Future Tense

Reference: New Concept English for Junior Secondary Schools. Book 1

Brief explanation

Notes for the pupils

The future tense expresses actions that have not yet occurred or that will occur at a later time.

Forms of Future Tense

There are four forms of future tense namely:

  1. Simple future
  2. Future progressive
  3. Future perfect
  4. Future perfect progressive
  1. Simple future tense: The simple future tense expresses actions that will occur. It uses the verb form “will” example: You will

the simple future tense is used to express promises, predictions, habits, routine.


(a) It will rain tomorrow.

(b) The alarm will sound when you open the door.

(c) The meeting will commence at noon.

  1. Future progressive tense: The future progressive expresses actions that will be ongoing at some point in the future. It uses the verb form “will be”. The future progressive is used to express future actions in progress.


(a) They will be waiting for you.

(b) She will be retiring soon.

  1. Future perfect tense: The future perfect tense expresses actions that will be finished at some point in the future or those that will be finished before future event. The future perfect is used to express actions that will be finished before another future event.


(a) By the time you arrive, we will have eaten dinner.

(b) They will have lived in their new home for two years this season.

  1. Future perfect progressive: The future perfect progressive tense expresses ongoing actions that will be completed at some specific time in the future.


(a) In June, I will have been working as a professor for 15 years.

(b) You will have been driving for ten hours by the time we arrive.

Examples of future tense

(a) I will play after breakfast.

(b) Susan will not go to Germany.

(c) I won’t be a rock star.

(d) I will be a legend.

Examples of future progressive tense

(a) I will be playing for an hour.

(b) He will be fighting his way to the boxing championship.

(c) They are the ones who will be writing about you.

(d) Those laughing now will be crying later.

Examples of future perfect tense

(a) Will you have graduated by this time next year?

(b) I will have played by breakfast.

(c) By September, Jenny will have taken over that role.

Examples of future perfect progressive tense

(a) I will have been playing for 2 hours by breakfast.

(b) By the time the boat arrives, they will have been living without proper food for two weeks.


Using a diagram, write down the four forms of future tense and what they are used to express.




Word Boundary 

A word boundary is the part or area of a sentence where one word ends and another one begins. The white spaces between words let us know where one word ends and another one begins.

Example: John-is-tall

In the sentence above, there are two white spaces, these white spaces are the words boundaries, so we have two word boundaries in the sentence above.

It will be difficult to read if word boundaries are left out in a sentence.

Example: transferofaggressionisuncalledfor.

The above sentence is difficult to read because word boundary is not maintained. Therefore, word boundaries help our reading and listening activitie.


Some examples of phrases and sentences of how word boundaries are determined.

  1. As a /matter of fact/, I will /go away/ as soon as I finish my food.
  2. It is just because I have the /fear of God/ that I will allow them to travel in their order of merit.
  3. The leader of the team shared /butter and bread/ to his followers.

In the phrase matter of fact transcribed /mætər əv fækt/ a good speaker of English language will see and know that when we pronounce ‘matter of fact’, the pronunciation of matter in this sentence stops at the /ə/ sound /mætə/. Between matter of /mætə r əv/. If you listen well, there seems to be an r. so between the last sounds of the words /mætər əv/, there is an intrusive r sound which usually occurs in rapid speech. In matter of fact /mætər əv fækt/, the word boundary for the phrase transcribed will be /mætər/ /r/ /əv/ /fækt/. But the correct word boundary is /mætə əv fækt/ and not /mætər əv fækt/ or /mætə rəv fækt/


What is the correct speech sequence for the phrase /go away/ – /gəʊ/ /əwei/?