WEEK/TERM: THIRD TERM/WEEK 2
CLASS: J.S.S 1
SUBJECT: PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION
TOPIC: SPORTS INJURIES – FRACTURE
Definition of fracture.
Fracture is a break in the bone of the body. It may be simple or complicated otherwise called compound fracture.
Types of fracture are: greenstick fracture, simple fracture, compound or complicated fracture, comminuted fracture, multiple fracture, impacted fracture and depressed fracture.
- Greenstick fracture: – This is the type of fracture which occurs in children. It is an incomplete break in which a side is not intact and no tissue is damaged.
- Simple fracture:- This is a type of fracture where the bone breaks without touching the tissue or skin.
- Compound or complicated fracture: – It is a situation where the broken ends of the bone cut into the surrounding tissue thereby damaging the blood vessels or organs adjacent to the site of the fracture.
- Comminuted fracture:- This is a type of fracture where the bone is shattered into pieces, e.g crushing by a vehicle.
- Multiple fracture:- This is a type of fracture in which the bone is broken at several points.
- Impacted fracture:- This is a types of fracture where the broken ends are driven into one another.
- Depressed fracture:- This type of fracture occurs in the skull when it is hit by an object like a harmer.
signs and symptom of fracture include:
- Abnormal mobility
- Discoloration of skin
First – aid materials for fracture
- Splints / Rulers/ sticks
- Pad/cotton wool
Exercises / Assignment
- Distinguish between
- Dislocation and fracture.
- Simple and complicated / compound fractures
- What is a fracture?
- List out 5 types of fracture.
- Identify 3 signs and symptoms of fracture.