WEEK/TERM: THIRD TERM/WEEK 4
CLASS: J.S.S 1
SUBJECT: PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION
TOPIC: CONTACT SPORT – JUDO
BRIEF EXPLANATION: In Nigeria, Judo game was first introduced into the Nigeria armed forces training institution. It was accepted as a sport by Nigerians in 1972, in 1973 Mr. Alexander Ifidon was appointed to oversee the development of judo in Nigeria. Judo was initiated by Dr. Jigoro Kano in Shitaya, Japan in 1878, it later became an Olympic sport in 1964 during Tokyo Olympic games.
The Importance of judo are as follows:
- It assist in body flexibility and mobility.
- It creates fun, enjoyment and entertainment for the spectators
- It serves as a source of livelihood for the players and the coach.
- It helps in training of members of the armed forces and other security personnel.
- It helps in mental and physical development.
- It also helps in building self defence skills etc.
Listed below are some skills in judo:
- The stance
- The grip
- Arm locking
- Assume an astride position
- Jump forward with your leading foot in front
- Keep the body in an erect position
- Keep the knees slightly flexed
- Bounce on your toes
- Always be ready for action.
- Stretch out hands to grip the opponent with force and power
- Twist the opponent to either the left or right side with force
- Throw with force, keeping the eyes on the opponent.
- Maintain your foot work
- Slide the feet over the mat with one following the other
- Maintain firm balance.
- Arch the back while falling
- Avoid falling heavily i.e break the fall
- Do not loose grip of the opponent
- Grip the opponent very well
- Lift and throw with force
- Grip the opponents side forcefully
- Maintain a tight grip
- Maintain balance and do not loose grip.
- Apply great force to press the opponent’s body
- Press hard and maintain until his breathing is inpaired
- Maintain this position until the opponent gives up.
- Grip the opponent’s arm very well
- Maintain the grip and twist the opponent’s arm forcefully to the side.
- Attempt to throw the opponent off balance
- Maintain balance always
Rules in judo
- A judoka is not allowed to have long nails.
- Pinching or hitting below the belt is not allowed
- At the beginning and end of every bout the two judokas must bow to each other.
- When the referee awards a point, it is called ippon
- Putting the hand, leg or arm on the opponent’s face is prohibited
- The first judoka to score a point wins the contest.
- No judoka is deliberately allowed to go down for his opponent.
Terminology in judo
Judoka – participant in judo
Judogi – judo wear or uniform
Judokan – judo association
Dojo – training hall for judo
Hajine – begin
Matte – stop
Jikan – time out or short break
Maitte – surrender
Ippon – full point (10 points)
Hiki – wake – draw, no winner
Exercises / Assignment
- List five terms in judo and their meaning
- Mention rules in judo and explain three skills in judo sport.
- Give the importance of judo.
- State briefly the history of judo in Nigeria