19th August 2020




DATE: 26th June, 2020

SUBJECT: Physical and Health Education

TOPIC: Gymnastics and Swimming


Brief explanation

Notes for the Pupils

Gymnastics is a sport that involves physical exercise that require strength, flexibility and endurance. It can also be defined as a sport involving physical exercise that need skills and strength. They are often performed in competitions.

Swimming is an aquatic sport; that is sporting activities that take place in water. Other aquatic sports include; diving, boat sailing, fishing, regatta, surfing, rowing and water polo.

People swim for sports and recreational purposes. Facilities for swimming include a river, a pond, a stream or a swimming poo.l Equipment for swimming include swim trunk/suit, goggles, floaters, swim cap, a whistle, Ropes for lanes. Before swimming, a person must develop confidence in water and learn to float.

Swimming Skills

Swimming which is the moving of the body through the water by the action of the arms and legs has the following skills: the crawl/stroke/frequent lifestyle, the backstroke, the breast stroke, butterfly/dolphin movement, side stroke.

Types of Life Saving Devices – These are listed below from 1 to 6.

  1. Life buoy – A ring shape float worn on the body under the arms to keep the head and shoulders above the waters.
  2. Life Jacket – This is a sleeveless jacket made of buoyant materials to keep afloat.
  3. Rubber tubes – These are motor vehicle tubes, worn under the arms to keep afloat in water.
  4. Swimming goggles – This is a device worn to protect the eyes while swimming.
  5. Whistle – An object blown to attract attention and help.
  6. Distress flares – It is an emergency signal for help and to attract attention.

Safety Precautions in Swimming

  1. Obey all safety instructions.
  2. Never swim alone.
  3. Never swim without taking a shower first.
  4. Ensure adequate warm-up before swimming.
  5. Avoid swimming immediately after meals.
  6. Never swim in a dark pool of water.
  7. Never hold someone under the water.
  8. Do not spit or blow your nose or urinate in the water.
  9. Use safety devices where necessary.
  10. Learn rescue skills for emergency situations.


  1. State five rules of swimming pool hygiene.