WEEK/TERM: THIRD TERM /WEEK 8
CLASS: JSS 2
DATE: 26th June, 2020
SUBJECT: Physical and Health Education
Notes for the Students
Diseases can be defined as a condition of a person, animal or plant in which its body is infected or harmed. Diseases can be communicable or non-communicable. Communicable diseases are those diseases that is spread from one person to another through contact with blood, bodily fluids, breathing in an airborne viruses or being bitten by an insect.
Communicable disease spread through the ways listed below:
- Physical contact with an infected person e.g. gonorrhoea, TB, HIV.
- Contact with a contaminated surface or water e.g. cholera, Hepatitis B, HIV
- Travels – Through air e.g. chicken pox, tuberculosis, measles.
Non-communicable diseases are diseases that cannot passed from one person to another. Some of these are acquired by bad habits like smoking, others by negligence, heredity etc.. Non-communicable diseases can be controlled. Examples of non-communicable diseases are: sickle cell, obesity, asthma, acne, cancer, anaemia, stroke, kwashiorkor, diabetes, hypertension etc.
- Regular exercises of the body.
- Carry out routine medical check-up.
- Rest and sleep well.
- Practise personal hygiene.
- Eat balanced diet.
Explain the meaning of the following diseases:
- Diabetes mellitus