22nd May 2020



DATE: 27.04.2020





BRIEF EXPLANATION: The future tense expresses actions that have not yet occurred or that will occur at a later time.

There are four forms of future tense namely

  1. Simple future.
  2. Future progressive.
  3. Future perfect.
  4. Future perfect progressive.

Simple future tense: The simple future tense expresses actions that will occur. It uses the verb form “will” example. you will eat.

The simple future tense is used to express promises, predictions, habits, routine.


It will rain tomorrow.

The alarm will sound when you open the door.

The meeting will commence at noon.

Future progressive tense:The future progressive expresses actions that will be ongoing at some point in the future. It uses the verb form “will be”    example:  The future progressive is used to express future actions in progress.

Examples: they  will  be waiting  for you.

She will be   retiring soon.

Future perfect tense:- The future perfect tense expresses actions  that will be finished at some point in the future or those  that  will be finished before another future event.


By the time you arrive, we will have eaten dinner.

They will have lived in their new home for two years by this time next season.

Future perfect progressive: – The future perfect progressive tense expresses ongoing actions that will be completed at some specified time in the future.

Examples :

In June, I will have been working as a professor for 15 years.

You will have been driving for ten hours by the time we arrive.

Examples of simple future tense

  1. I will play after breakfast.
  2. Susan will not go to Germany.
  3. I won’t be a rock star.
  4. I will be a legend.

Examples of future progressive tense

  1. I will be playing for an hour.
  2. He will be fighting his way to the boxing championship.
  3. They are the ones who will be writing about you.
  4. Those laughing now will be crying later.

Examples of future perfect tense

  1. Will you have graduated by this time next year?
  2. I will have played by breakfast time.
  3. By September, jenny will have taken over that role.

Examples of future progressive tense

  1. I will have been playing for 2 hours by breakfast time.
  2. By the time the boat arrives, they will have been living without proper food for two week.

Exercise / Assignment

Using a diagram, write down the four forms of future tense and what they are used to express.


Word Boundary

BRIEF EXPLANATION: A word boundary is the part or area in a sentence where one word ends and another one begins. The white spaces between words lets us know where one word ends and where another one begins.

Examples: John – is – tall.

There are two white spaces, these white spaces are the word boundaries, so we have two boundaries in the sentence above.

It will be difficult to read if word boundaries are left out in a sentence. Example: transferofaggressionisuncalledfor.

The above sentence is difficult to read because word boundaries are not implemented. Therefore, word boundaries help our reading and listening activities.

Transfer – of – aggression – is – uncalled – for.

Some examples of phrases and sentences and how word boundaries are determined.

  1. It is just because I have the /fear of God / that I will allow them to travel in their order of merit.
  2. The leader of the team shared / butter and bread / to his followers.
  3. As a /  matter of fact / I will  go away / as soon as I finish my food.

In the phrase “matte of fact” transcribed /mæt∂γ ∂v fækt/ a good apeaker of the English language will see and know that when we pronounce matter of fact, the pronunciation of matter in this sentence stops at the /∂/ sound /mæt∂/. Between matter of /mæt∂ γ ∂v/. if you listen well, there seems to be an /r/ sound in between the two words. This sound is called the intrusive r. so between the last sounds of the words /mæt∂ ᵵ ∂v/, there is an intrusive r sounds which usually occurs in rapid speech, in matter of fact /mæt∂r /∂v/ fækt/, the word boundary for the phrase transcribed will be /mæt∂/ /r/  /∂v/ /ækt/. But the correct word boundary is /mæt∂ ∂v fækt/ and not /mæt∂r ∂v /ækt/ or / mæt∂ r∂v fækt/.


  1. What is word boundary?
  2. How do you identify word boundaries?
  3. What is the correct speech sequence for the phrase /go away – /g∂Ʊ/ /∂wei/