TERM/WEEK: THIRD TERM/WEEK 4
DATE: 12th July, 2020
CLASS: JSS 2
Reference: New Concept English for Junior Secondary Schools. Book 2.
Notes for the Students
A phrase is a group of words that function as a unit in a sentence, it does not contain a subject and a predicate, and hence, cannot convey a complete thought.
Some examples of phrases are:
- On a table
- Under the tree
- At the door
- On the roof. Etc.
It is important to note that the afore mentioned group of words does not contain a subject or a finite verb. There are five kinds of phrases in English and they are:
- Noun phrase
- Verb phrase
- Prepositional phrase
- Adjectival phrase
- Adverbial phrase
You need to learn all the types of phrases.
A noun phrase generally has a noun or pronoun as its main word or headword.
A beautiful girl
The old house
A verb phrase generally has a verb as its main headword.
A prepositional phrase has a preposition as its first word.
in the bucket
at the bus-stop
An adjectival phrase has an adjective as the main word.
An adverbial phrase has an adverb as its headword.
Note: The headword is the main word to which other words can be added, either before or after.
Identify which type of phrase is underlined in the following sentences
- All the good students in my class were given double promotion.
- The students arrived at the party much later.
- The book is too complex for a junior class.
- The girl promised to visit her friends in the night.
- My friends might have eaten lunch.
- We enjoyed the fine warm weather.
A collective noun is the word used to represent a group of people, animals or things. It is a noun that refers to a collection of people, animals or things taken as a whole.
Some examples of collective nouns are:
Common collective nouns used for people
- A band of musicians
- A board of directors
- A choir of singers
- A class of students
- A crowd of people
- A gang of thieves
- A panel of experts
- A team of players
- A troupe dancers
Some common collective nouns used for animals
- An army of ants
- A flock of birds
- A flock of sheep
- A herd of deer
- A hive of bees
- A litter of puppies
- A murder of cows
- A school of fish
- A pride of lion
- A swam of locust
Common collective nouns used for things
- A bouquet of flowers
- A bunch of flowers
- A fleet of ships
- A forest of trees
- A galaxy of stars
- A pair of shoes
- A range of mountains
- A wad of notes
- A pack of cards
What is the collective noun for the following?