WEEK/TERM: THIRD TERM/WEEK 1
CLASS: J.S.S 2
BRIEF EXPLANATION: Triphthong is a union of three vowel sounds produced in one syllable. E.g. fire. It is three vowel representing the sounds of a single vowel as in beau.
There are three (3) triphthongs generally agreed upon in English:
- /∂Ʊ∂/ – (ah-oo-uh).
- /∂i∂/ – (ah-ih-uh).
- /jƱ∂/ – (ee –oo-uh).
They always come before the /r/ sounds in a word.
- /∂Ʊ∂/ – (ah-oo-uh):- This vowel sound occurs when the digraph “ou” is followed by an “r”
a.) Our /aƱ∂r/
b.) Hour /aƱ∂r/ (/h/ is silent)
c.) Flour /flaƱ∂r/
d.) Sour /saƱ∂r/
- /ai∂/ – (ah-ih-uh):- This triphthong is pronuced with the letter combination “IRE”
a.) Fire /fai∂r/
b.) Dire /dai∂r/
c.) Inspire /in’sai∂r/
d.) Ireland /ai∂r./∂nd/
In addition to “IRE” words, there are a few other specific instances where this pronunciation may occur. Example pyre /p∂i∂r/, choir/ kwai∂r.
- /jƱ∂/- (ee-oo-uh) This triphthong sometimes occurs when the digraph “ur” comes after a hard consonant and is followed by an E, y or i. rather than breaking up the sound into two syllables like the previous two triphthongs, this one is often rounded to leave out the schwa altogether.
- Cure /kjƱ∂r/
- Fury /pjƱ∂r/
- Curious /’fjƱ∂r.ias/
Exercise / assignment
- What letter always appears when forming triphthong?
- How many vowel sounds occur in a single syllable in a triphthong?
- What is a triphthong?