TERM/WEEK: THIRD TERM/WEEK 2
DATE: 12th July, 2020
CLASS: JSS 2
TOPIC: phonemes /ʊ/, /u:/, /f/, /v/
Reference: Basic Oral English for Junior Secondary Schools. Book 1
Notes for the Students
A phoneme is sound or group of different sounds that combine to form words. They are the vowels and consonants we study in oral English. It is the phonemes in a word that makes it different from other words. Examples: ball, fall are not the same because of the phoneme /b/ which replaces /f/ in ball.
In articulating of a short vowel /ʊ/ the part between the centre and the back of the tongue is raised close to the palate with rounded lips.
In articulating of the long vowel /u:/ the back of the tongue is raised close to the palate and the lips rounded and pursed into a whistling shape.
Words that contain the short vowel /ʊ/ are often spelt with letter ‘u’ as in put, full, bull, push, bush, bucket, butcher.
It can also be spelt with ‘oo’ as in took, cook, book, wool, shook, hook.
It can also be spelt with ‘o’ as in woman, wolf, bosom.
It can also be spelt with ‘oul’ as in could, would, should.
Give five examples of words that contain each of the phonemes listed below.