4th June 2020




CLASS: Grade 2

DATE: 26th June, 2020

SUBJECT: National Values

TOPIC: Description of the National Symbols


Brief explanation

Traditional symbols are those things that unite us together as members of one country, Nigeria.

Description of the national symbols

  1. The national Flag: This symbol of independence was designed by Mr. Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi in 1959. The national flag has two colours green and white. The green colour represents the rich forests and agriculture in Nigeria, while the white represents peace and unity.


  1. The national anthem and the national pledge. The national anthem was composed by Mr. Ben Odiase on the 1st of October 1978. The national pledge was written by Prof (Mrs) Felicia Adebola Adedoyin. These two symbols are used during national events within and outside the country, Nigeria.



  1. The coat of arms: A look at the items on the national coat of arms and what each represents:

(a) The black shield represents the fertile soil of Nigeria.

(b) The two white hoses represent the dignity of Nigeria.

(c) The eagle represents the strength of Nigeria.

(d) The ‘Y’ sign represents river Niger and river Benue.

(e) The moto “Unity and Faith Peace and Progress ” expresses our desire to be a united, peaceful and progressive nation.

  1. The national Currency: This is the medium used for buying and selling in Nigeria. It is divided into Naira and Kobo. It was introduced in the year 1973.
  2. The Mace: This is the symbol of authority at the National Assembly and State House of Assembly.
  3. The Nigerian Constitution: This symbol contain the rules and regulations that govern Nigeria.


  1. List five (5) National Symbols.